Salimgarh Fort is one of the most famous historical monuments in Delhi. It is located near the Yamuna River adjacent to the Red Fort in Delhi. Salimgarh Fort was built by the Salim Shah Suri, son of Sher Shah Suri in 1546 AD.
Sher Shah Suri defeated the Mughal Emperor Humayun in 1540 AD and Sur dynasty rule lasted till 1555 AD when Humayun regained his kingdom by defeating Sikander Suri, the last ruler of the dynasty. Aurangzeb, the Mughal Emperor, converted the fort into a prison, which practice was perpetuated by the British who took control of the fort in 1857. In 1622 AD, Jahangir constructed a bridge and connected the fort to the mainland but later it was removed by British when they built railway bridge line through it. Prisoners from the Indian National Army (INA) were also imprisoned in this fort in British Rule before India got Independence.
Salimgarh Fort is now renamed as Swatantrata Senani Smarak in memory of the prisoners who died in this fort prison. It was declared as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2007.